Northwest + See Salta + See Tucuman
The Northwestern part of the country is, mostly, a mountaineous region with spectacular landscapes.
It stands, to the west, as an elevated plateau (of approximately 3800 m.a.s.l.), crossed by high mountain ranges. In its central part there are gorges (such as the Humauaca Gorge) of a huge slope.
To the East, we find sierras that barely exceed the 2000 metres, as a transition to the chaqueña plain.
The tourist Train to the Clouds (one of the highest trains in the world), gives you the possibility of enjoying these landscapes in an unparalleled way.
In these mountains you will find the contrast of the snow in the highest peaks, and the red, violet and green colours of the living rock. There are zones of forests with an important variety of fauna carefully preserved in the national parks.
In this whole region you can find picturesque villages lost in unparalleled natural scenaries. The Río Hondo thermal baths are internationally known due to its healing powers.
Litoral + See Iguazu Falls + See Esteros del Ibera
It comprises two subregions: The chaqueña and the mesopotámica.
The subregion of Chaco is a flat uniform wooded plain, with a mostly subtropical climate. The mesopotamia is surrounded by two big plentiful rivers: the Paraná and the Uruguay. It has, in the province of Misiones, rocky formations that break up the course of the rivers giving birth to falls, rapids and cascades. A spectacular example of this are the world famous Iguazu Falls, declared World Natural Patrimony of the Humanity by the UNESCO.
Moving southwards we find the littoral of the provinces of Entre Ríos and Corrientes, with several beaches, islands and suitable places for the practice of swimming and water sports.
In both subregions we find rich varied fauna, especially in the protected subtropical forest places in Misiones, and the most temperate woods and parks of Corrientes and Entre Ríos. We can also enjoy the thermal fountains existing in many cities.
Central + See Buenos Aires
This whole region is mostly plain, only interrupted by the sierras of Tandil (500 m.a.s.l.) and those of Ventana (1200 m.a.s.l.). This region is quite appropriate for the agricultural and cattle breeding activities, for it comprises huge areas used for the sowing of seeds and the breeding of cattle. Its tourist potential is mainly reflected in the great metropolis of Buenos Aires, industrial and commercial pole of Argentina, which displays an intense cultural activity concentrated in its cinemas, pubs, theatres, musical shows, shoppings, and all kinds of attractions for the tourist.
Besides, it posseses a rich historic past reflected in its buildings of French, Italian and Classical architectural style; as well as in its numberless museums. Appart from Buenos Aires there are several tourist cities, built mainly on the borders of the Atlantic Ocean. Right from the populated Mar del Plata to the exclusive Pinamar and Cariló beach resorts, we find the most varied offer of tourist beaches in this region. The offer is rounded out with the cities of Tandil and Sierra de la Ventana, which offer serrain landscapes and adventure tourism.
Cuyo + See Mendoza
Zone of contrasts. It is an arid mountaineous region (seat of the highest peak of América, the Aconcagua), crossed by plentiful rivers whose waters come down from the Andes Mountain Range. .
The man, through irrigation canals, took profit of this resource and turn this region into a prosperous and quite suitable place for the development of grapevines and the subsequent elaboration of high quality wines, currently known all around the world. Tourists can visit the numerous wineries of this region.
In order to surmount the mountain ranges, the rivers make its courses flow deeper and give birth to imposing gorges such as the "Atuel Canyon" owner of a singular colour and beauty. The adventure tourism offers multiple alternatives such as rafting, Andinism (mounts Aconcagua and Tupungato), trekking and many others.
Winter sports are present in several ski centres, among which Las Leñas valley stands out. Thermal Fountains complete the tourist offer of this region.
The Extra-andean Patagonia is the eastern zone bounded by the Atlantic Ocean. It is also called the Patagonic plateau, for it posseses a very special landscape consisting of high plains, valleys, ravines and sierras. To the South, It has a cold arid climate just interrupted by some agricultural oasis developed by men. Its tourist attractions are mainly located on the north of this region and consists of the richness of its sea fauna (sea woolves and elephants, penguins and the southern Franca whale, among others); and its northern beaches, which display cliffs of about 30 metres, suitable for the practice of swimming due to the nice temperature of its waters. Scuba diving is another important attraction of the zone.
Andean Patagonia is a predominantly mountaineous region, alternated with natural lakes, glaciers and woods. It posseses one of the most spectacular landscapes in Argentina. Several national parks, most of which can be visited, protect its fauna and its landscape richness. Among them we can mention the Lanín, Nahuel Huapi, Los Arrayanes, Los Alerces, Puelo Lake, Francisco P. Moreno, The Glaciers and Tierra del Fuego. Many tourist destinations are visited by travellers from all over the world, who among other attractions, can appreciate enraptured one of the most beautiful glaciers in the world: Perito Moreno Glacier. This is an excellent place for the adventure tourism, for it includes numberless possibilities for the practice of trekking, rafting, Alpinism, mountain byke, horseback riding, etc.; added to possibility of practising water sports in its numberless water courses. Modern boats take you across the lacustrine sorroundings in varied excursions. In its southernmost part, Tierra del Fuego, you can sail along the southermost continental canals and reach the Antártida. It has several winter centres ideal for the practice of skiing, among which Chapelco and Cerro Catedral stands out; and thermal centres such as Copahue.
The name Argentina:
It comes from the Latin term “argentum”, which means silver. The origin of this name goes back to the first voyages made by the Spanish conquerors to the Río de la Plata. The survivors of the shipwrecked expedition mounted by Juan Díaz de Solís found indigenous people in the region who gave them silver objects as presents. The news about the legendary Sierra del Plata - a mountain rich in silver - reached Spain around 1524. As from this date, the Portuguese named the river of Solís, Río de la Plata (River of Silver). Two years later the Spanish used the same name. The National Constitution adopted in 1853 included the name “República Argentina” (Argentine Republic) among the official names to designate the government and the country’s territory.
Argentina’s main characteristic is the enormous contrast between the immense eastern plains and the impressive Andes mountain range to the west. This is the frontier with Chile and boasts the highest peak in the Western hemisphere: the 6,959 m high Aconcagua. From Jujuy to Tierra del Fuego, the Andes present marvelous contrasts: the Northwest plateaus, the lake region, the forests and glaciers in the Patagonia. To the north, Chaco is a forested area linked to rivers Bermejo, Salado and Pilcomayo. Between the Paraná and Uruguay rivers, the Argentine Mesopotamia (provinces of Entre Ríos, Corrientes and Misiones) is formed by low hills, where pools and marshlands evidence the ancient courses of these great rivers. In some places within the subtropical rain forest, there are fissures which provide such spectacular phenomena as the Iguazú Falls. The Pampas, in the center of Argentina, is the largest and best-known area of plains. Agricultural and livestock activities are performed in this area, which includes the province of Buenos Aires, the northeast of La Pampa, the south of Córdoba and south of Santa Fe. To the south, the plains give way to small hills in Tandil and de la Ventana, and to the west, to the Córdoba hills. Towards the south, from the Andes to the sea, there appear the sterile and stony plateaus of Patagonia, swept by the wind during most of the year. The Atlantic coast, lined with high cliffs, forms massive indentations like the Peninsula Valdés, with its spectacular and unique colonies of sea animals.
Constitution and Government:
Argentina consists of 23 provinces plus a federal district, the City Buenos Aires. The Argentine Constitution establishes a Republic under a representative and federal system, and three separate branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The executive branch is exercised by the President and Vice-president of the Nation, elected for a 4-year term, and who may be reelected for a single additional term. The legislative branch is bicameral: the Senate (composed of three senators from each province and from the City of Buenos Aires) and the House of Representatives (composed of representatives elected directly and in proportion to each district’s population). The judicial branch “is vested in the Supreme Court and lower courts of justice”. Each province has adopted its own Constitution in accordance with the National Constitution, to rule its administration. The current National Constitution dates from 1853. Nevertheless, it was amended in 1860, 1898, 1957 and 1994. The last amendment made in August 1994, allows the President’s reelection for an additional term.
Climate and ¿When to travel?
The country’s territory offers a wide variety of climates: subtropical in the North, sub-Antarctic in the southern Patagonia, and mild and humid in the Pampas plains. Media temperature from November to March is 23° C, and 12° C from June to September. Remember that in the southern hemisphere seasons are the opposite to those in the northern hemisphere. In general, the summer is the best time to visit Patagonia and the Southern Andes because of the mild temperatures and long days. Wintertime is recommended for travelling to the North and Northwest as rains are less frequent and tropical temperatures drop a few degrees. Autumn and spring are marvelous in Buenos Aires, Cuyo and the pre-mountain range areas of La Rioja and Catamarca. But destinations as Buenos Aires, Iguazú, Ushuaia and Bariloche are really nice all year around.
Spanish is the official language of the Argentine Republic. In Buenos Aires, some “lunfardo” expressions -city slang - are used..
The official Argentine currency is the Peso. There are bills of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 pesos, and coins of 1 and 2 pesos and 5, 10, 25, and 50 cents.
-Banks and Exchange Bureaus: Mondays to Fridays from 10.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m.
-Business Offices: generally from 9.00 a.m. to 12.00 p.m. and from 2.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m.
-Stores: in the big cities from 9.00 a.m. to 8.00 p.m., although in the outskirts and the provinces they generally close at midday. Saturdays, from 9.00 a.m. to 1.00 p.m.
-Cafés, cake shops and pizzerias: open most of the time except between 2.00 and 6.00 a.m.
-Restaurants: lunch is served as from 12.30 p.m. and dinner as from 8.30 hours. Fast-food menus are served in many restaurants at all times.
Argentina's current population is more than 40 million inhabitants, almost half of which live in the city and the province of Buenos Aires. Population density calculated on a national basis is 14 inhabitants per square kilometer.
10% of the amount of the check is usually left in cafeterias and restaurants. Doormen, porters, and ushers in cinemas and theatres are also generally tipped.
Documents and Formalities:
Valid passport with or without visa depending on your nationality. Inquire at the closest Embassy or Consulate. Visitors coming from countries not bordering Argentina are exempt from all taxes on travelling articles and new articles up to US$ 300 and an additional US$ 300, if purchased at duty free shops within the national territory. No vaccination certificate is required to enter the Country.
Security, Prevention and Tourist Assistance:
-Comisaría del Turista: Av. Corrientes 436, (C1043AAR) Buenos Aires. Tel. 4346-5748, 4328-2135 ó 0800-999-5000, e-mail:[email protected]
-Defensoría del Turista: Av. Pedro de Mendoza 1835 (Museo de Bellas Artes de La Boca "Don Benito Quinquela Martín"), (C1169AAC) Buenos Aires. Tel. 4302-7816, Fax: 4302-7816, e-mail [email protected]
You may obtain a VAT reimbursement to any purchases of local products made for an amount over $70 (per invoice) in shops operating with the “Global Refund” system, as follows:
-Jorge Newbery Airport (in Buenos Aires), at Telecom telephone booths.
-Ministro Pistarini International Airport - Ezeiza, Terminal A, 1st Floor.
-Ministro Pistarini International Airport - Ezeiza, Terminal B, Ground Floor.
-Jorge Newbery Airport (in Buenos Aires), at Telecom telephone booths.
-Ing. Ambrosio Taravella International Airport (in Córdoba), at Telecom telephone booths.
-Ing. Francisco J. Gabrielli International Airport (in Mendoza), at Telecom telephone booths.
-Bariloche International Airport, at Telecom telephone booths.
-Tancredo Neves International Bridge (in Puerto Iguazú), at Telecom telephone booths.
-Buenos Aires Port, Northern Dock, Buquebús Terminal, information desk.
-Buenos Aires Port, New Port, Quinquela Martín Cruising Terminal, from October to April.
Although US Dollars and Euros are generally taken everywhere, foreign currencies can be exchanged in banks and authorized bureaus. American Express, VISA, Diners and Master Card are widely accepted. There may be difficulties in changing traveler's check outside Buenos Aires.
The city of Buenos Aires, one of the most important Latin American cities, is a great cosmopolitan and many-sided metropolis. This city astonishes the tourist with its evident universal influence.
It is the capital of the Argentine Republic and the vital bond of the nation. As long as European arquitecture is concerned, many streets recall those of Paris. Its numberless museums, exposition and comference centres, art galleries, cinemas and theatres with national and international spectacles of high quality, are witnesses of its important cultural life.
The Colon Theatre, one of the most important lyrical theatres in the world, is seat, together with some other scenaries, of an intense musical activity that comprises all genres including, of course, the famous and typical Tango; besides, the city is frequently visited by orchestras, groups and soloists from all over the world.
San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca is the capital of the Argentine province of Catamarca, and of the Capital department.
La Rioja is the capital city of the province of La Rioja in Argentina. It is located to the center-east of the province, in the Capital department, head of La Rioja.
El Chaltén is a municipality located in the Los Glaciares National Park, in the Argentine province of Santa Cruz. From here it is possible to access the trails that surround the peaks of Cerro Torre and mount Fitz Roy, to the northwest. Near Fitz Roy, a path leads to the viewpoint of the Los Tres lagoon. Just northwest of the village, the shore of the Capri lagoon offers views of the mountains. San Martín, one of the main streets of the town, is full of shops.
San Miguel de Tucuman is the capital of the province of Tucumán, located in the northwest of the Argentine Republic, 1,311 km from the city of Buenos Aires. It is also known as "The Garden of the Republic" and is the sixth largest city in Argentina, after Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Rosario, La Plata and Mar del Plata, as well as being the most important in the North Region. Its growth has made it beyond the original limits, taking them to occupy the territories of the surrounding departments in all directions, thus giving rise to the conurbation of the Great San Miguel de Tucumán, which is correct, according to the 2010 census.
Founded in 1561, this important Argentine city, is the regional metropolis of the zone of Cuyo and has undergone an important commercial, industrial and cultural development. It is also centre of tourism towards the Andean mountain range and Mount Aconcagua- the highest peak in the American continent.
With its wide wooded streets, its gutters, its important well-cared parks and squares, it is a city characterized by its spotlessly cleanliness. It is a cosmopolitan centre for it is an obliged passing for the flights between Buenos Aires and Santiago de Chile.
In the Gran Mendoza, an industrial zone separated from the residential areas has been established, and it satisfies the provincial progress needs.
It is a viticulturist zone per excellence. It has numerous wineries for the production of fine wines of the highest quality that are exported to the whole world. Tourists can visit a lot of these wineries and try its wines. Its proximity to the Andean mountain range turns this city into an unbeatable destination for the adventure tourism: trekking, rafting, mountaineering and astounding landscapes to carry out photographic safaris, among other activities.
Other possibilities for the tourist are the practice of skiing in the winter season and thermalism in any season. It posseses an important building development, commercial shop centres, an important lodging infrastructure, famous restaurants, shoppings, cinemas, regional products shops and a large quantity of ice cream parlours.
In this way, Mendoza, offers a world of possibilities for the tourist, both for the urban life and the ecological and natural tourism.
The city of Salta, capital of the province, was founded on April 16th, 1582 by Hernando de Lerma, governor of Tucumán, on the orders of Perú placing it in a beautiful and fertile valley that has its name.
Known as ''Salta la linda'', it is one of the Argentine cities that has kept the colonial architectonic values. In its building aspect you can appreciate a mixture of colonial buildings with white walls, red tiled roofs, wells and a seigniorial style; with modern constructions, within an urban scheme that includes several green spaces among which the San Martin Park stands out, linked with Mount San Bernardo of 1466 m.a.s.l. by the funicular.
The variety and beauty of its landscapes is spectacular: the magnificence of its mountains, its valleys, its gorges, the Puna,and the subtropical flora and fauna preserved in the national parks, are just some of its attractions.
One of the windows to the world that Salta has is the Train to the Clouds, with its incredible trips, full of emotions, to the viaduct ''La Polvorilla'' at 4200 m.a.s.l., it arouses the national and international interest of tourism.
In its roundabouts there are numberless villages with monuments and historic places to visit, as well as ruins that reveal the presence of the aboriginal.
Salta includes excellent hotels, gastronomy, casino, municipal beach resorts, museums and craftmanship centres, among other attractions. Owning a unique charm, Salta astounds its visitors with its singular beauty
The city is situated in the northern extreme of the province of Misiones on the border between Paraguay and Brazil. It is located right in the confluence of the Paraná and Iguazú rivers. Its port has an intense movement with Port Meira (Brazil), in a typical bordering zone with movement of people in the direction in which the money exchange is more favourable. Its great tourist infrastructure has lead this city to be the fourth as long as population of the province is concerned.
Puerto Iguazú is linked with Brazil and Ciudad del Este in the Republic of Paraguay through the International Bridge Tancredo Neves. It concentrates an important chain of tourist services at an international level. Right from this city you can take part in different excursions and visits to the Iguazú National Park and the Iguazu Falls which, considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the World due to their natural magnificence and their wonderful vegetation, astound those who have the possibility of getting in contact with them.
The Iguazu International Airport located at 17 km. and the outcoming of new neighbourhoods, give this locality a special physiognomy. This city forms a natural balcony that looks to Brazil over the inferior Iguazu and the Paraguay rivers through the Alto Paraná. The sight is specially interesting from the watchtower that is located in the Hito Argentino (Argentine milestone) -obligatory visit in this city, right in the confluence of the Iguazú and Paraná rivers.
There is a varied offer of hotels, casinos, restaurants, camp grounds, cafeterias and full services for the traveller and the car driver.
Esteros del Ibera Natural Reserve
The Ibera natural Reserve is located in the province of Corrientes, in the northeast of the Argentine Republic (Litoral), the known ecosystem as Esteros del Iberá must to their name to the Ibera lagoon located in the zone Eastern center of this immense system of humedals. The Iberá word is formed by two words of the guaraní language: ¨Î¨, water, that put in front to ¨berá¨, brilliant, in its Castilian translation to express to the site like ¨el the water that shines or brilla¨, name that supposedly gave to their original guaraníes settlers when observing the chispeante brightness him of their surface. This peculiarity is visible in its water mirrors during sonrise or sunset, when the own calm of a closed system, without fluvial currents, bankruptcy with the breeze produced by the change of temperature between the surrounding terrestrial surface and the water of the matting or lagoons, causing itself a superficial movement that reflects with very particular effects the solar light to crepuscular.
Thanks to its peculiar geography and the difficult access, the area has a great variety of fauna, including a lot of species in danger of extintion, such as the neotropical river otter, the maned wolf, the pampas and the marsh deer, the two species of alligator in Argentina as well as the capybara and about 350 bird species.
The Interpretation Ibera Center is located by the Luna Lagoon, next to Carlos Pellegrini town, the best basis to explore the park. However, the best way to know this amazing ecosystem, is sailing (by day or by night), being winter the best season in the year to visit it.
San Carlos de Bariloche was founded on May, 1902 on the shores of the Nahuel Huapi lake in the province of Río Negro. The city stands out for its architectural features and for being located in a priviledged region due to the beauty of its landscapes made up of mountains, woods, lakes, glaciers, and an exuberant flora. It is one of the most populated cities in the province and one of the most important tourist centres in Argentina.
Its characteristic architecture consists of buildings made from stones and wood with slated gabled roofs, that give the city a very special physiognomy. Among the most outstanding groups we can mention the Civic Centre, seat of the main official organisms.
Within the centre arteries there are varied shops and commercial shop centres, cafeterias, and restaurants. The city also has an important busy night life.
Date of the national and international tourism, Bariloche can be enjoyed all the year long. In the spring and summer seasons, it is ideal for carrying out all kinds of excursions and outdoor activities; in winter, the snow offers a singular panorama, including the skiing spectacle in one of the most important Argentine centres for the practice of this sport in South America: Mount Cathedral. Within this frame, there exists the famous Fiesta Nacional de la Nieve (Snow National Celebration) which constitutes a truly international sporting, artistic and social event. The regional chocolates, in any of its numberless varieties are the mostly appreciated souvenirs for all tourists. In some shops you can see the way the are elaborated. The marmalades elaboration made of regional fine fruits also stand out. San Carlos de Bariloche comprises a tourist infrastructure and equipment service in accordance with its importance, offering lodging and gastronomic establishments for all levels.
Skiing in Mount Cathedral Varied terrestrial and lacustrine tours and adventure activities Sporting Fishing
The city of Puerto Madryn lies in the northeastern region of the province of Chubut, on the shores of Golfo Nuevo, in one of the most sheletered places of the Patagonic coast at sea level. This pushing city and important pole of development in the Argentine South, constitutes a tourist centre of relevance that offers the visitor numberless attractions.
With more than 30 kilometres of beaches with transparent waters of an extraordinary colour and white cliffs, this city offers the tourist a landscape of great beauty.
Puerto Madryn is the most important national centre for the practice of scuba diving.
Besides, the city has been the centre of multiple activities such as fishing tournaments, snorkelling, jet skiing, water skiing, sailing, mountain bike and windsurf (for those who enjoy defying the patagonic winds), for many years.
Península Valdés, at 100 km. from the city, gives you the possibility of watching a varied and important sea fauna such as the Southern Franca whale, Orcas, Elephants, Sea woolves, etc. The city comprises an excellent tourist infrastructure for the visitor as regards both hotels and gastronomy, where shellfish is the most required dish. The tourist service proposal in Puerto Madryn is rich in accomodation and gastromic establishments, appart from a large quantity of houses for temporary rent that satisfy the accomodation needs of the visitors.
El Calafate was created in 1927 and was named after the thorny shrub with strongly tinted fruits that extends over the whole South Andean Patagonia.
This picturesque village located on the Argentino lakeside, constitutes the tourist centre of higher hierarchy in Santa Cruz.
Leaning on the hillsides that surround it, El Calafate offers a benign microclimate that turns the place into an oasis that marvels the tourist who reaches it after travelling across the arid landscape of the Patagonic plateaux. The Calafate stream ,which divides the village in two, is a placid retreat with a rocky bed surrounded by willows leaning over its banks. It is the nearest city to visit The Glaciers National Park and its famous Perito Moreno Glacier, which was declared Natural Patrimony of the Humanity by the UNESCO.
The buildings in El Calafate are gabled roofs to avoid the effects of the heavy snows. Its flora is characteristic of the Andean Patagonic woods, with a clear predominance of lengas and sour cherry woods.
It offers a good lodging and gastronomic infrastructure, agencies and tourist guides that organize several terrestrial and lacustrine excursions, restaurants, discotheques and very good means of transport.
Ushuaia, the southernmost city of the world, is the capital of the province of Tierra del Fuego, Antártida and South Atlantic Islands.
Situated on the border of the Beagle Canal and surrounded by the Mounts Martial, this city offers a unique landscape in Argentina made up of mountains, sea, glaciers and woods. Its capricious topography has generated an extremely picturesque city that combines colours and unevenness with the silhouette of the Andes Mountain Range as background. it is important to note the building contrast between the modern constructions and the wooden houses with gabled sheet metals that give it a particular characteristic.
Its climate, in spite of its geographical situation, is not as severe as it seems, since both the mountains and the sea soften it. In winter, the snowy landscape changes its physiognomy. There are several winter centres for the practice of cross-country skiing; and in the central part of Mount Castor, Alpine skiing can be practised. The summer season is ideal for the adventure tourism activities such as trekking, horseback riding, mountain byke, sporting fishing and the most astounding tours along the Beagle Canal, Cape Horn and even the Argentine Antártida. During this season, several cruises reach the port of Ushuaia bringing numberless groups of tourists willing to meet all these attractions.
The city comprises a very good lodging and gastronomic infrastructure, where you can try the traditional fueguina spider crab surrounded by the frame of a prodigious nature.